Combined skin and dull complexion
Combined skin is a mixed type of skin, combining oily skin in the T-zone and dry or normal in the cheek area. Combined skin has an uneven structure and heterogeneous color: in dry areas prone to peeling and early formation of wrinkles, and in oily areas - to the appearance of enlarged pores, comedones, inflammation, acne. It is necessary to differentiate the care of combination skin, using different sets of cosmetics for oily and for dry / normal skin. In addition to daily home care, combination skin needs professional cosmetology procedures.
Combined (mixed) skin is characterized by alternating areas of oily skin (on the forehead, nose and chin) and dry or normal skin in the temples and cheeks. It is believed that combination skin is the most common skin type, occurring in 80% of adolescents, 40% of young people under 25 years of age and 15% of people of mature age. In most cases, over the years, combination skin acquires the characteristics of normal. To understand what type of skin you have (dry, oily, normal, combined), it is enough to carry out a simple test: 2-3 hours after washing you need to get your face wetted with a paper napkin. If there was a greasy mark on the napkin from the T-shaped zone, and the napkin remained dry in the cheek zone, then you have mixed skin.
Causes of combination skin
Over the course of life, the condition and skin type changes. Usually, problem skin first appears at puberty. As a person grows older, in most cases, the skin becomes drier: oily shine, acne diminishes or disappears, but signs of aging appear - wrinkles, flabbiness, rosacea, pigment spots, etc.
The combined skin type is most often due to hereditary factors. In the T-shaped area of the face is concentrated the largest number of sebaceous glands, the active work of which is accompanied by the release of excess sebum, forming a fatty film. A kind of "stimulus" to enhance skin secretion are periods of hormonal adjustment of the body (puberty, pregnancy), stress, unbalanced diet with a predominance of fatty and carbohydrate foods in the diet, disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, and bad habits. Problems of combination skin exacerbate with the wrong choice of cosmetics, improper care of the skin of the face, the use of poor quality cosmetics.
Characteristics of combination skin
Combined skin has the characteristics of different skin types. So, in the T-zone, the skin has an oily sheen, enlarged pores, comedones, areas of inflammation, and acne. Normal skin in the area of the temples, cheeks and neck is characterized by a healthy appearance, uniform color and a smooth structure. In the event that the skin in these areas is dry, it is prone to flaking, irritation, and early appearance of mimic wrinkles around the eyes and near the lips. In this case, superficial vascular plexuses, spider veins, appear through the thinned epidermis. Due to the alternation of areas with different activity of the sebaceous glands and cosmetic defects on the face, the skin tone may be non-uniform, the structure is uneven.
In the summer months, the combination skin appears fatter than usual, and in winter it is more prone to irritation and flaking. The pH of mixed skin ranges from 3 in dry areas to 6 in oily areas. By about 35 years old, combination skin most often approaches the normal type.
Features of care for combination skin
Different areas of combination skin should receive special care according to their special needs. In the process of care for mixed skin, it is important to eliminate excessive sebaceous secretions and at the same time avoid overdrying of the skin. Holders of combination skin should not abuse too fatty, spicy, fried foods, caffeine, etc. It is advisable to enrich your diet with fresh vegetables and fruits, drink enough pure water. When choosing makeup products for blended skin, preference should be given to water-based concealer, creamy blush, dry powder and eye shadows.
For the daily care of different areas of the skin, you can use separate cosmetics designed for oily and for dry or normal skin. However, it is quite troublesome and not always convenient. Therefore, the modern market offers a special line of cosmetics, adapted for combination skin. Daily face care should include the steps of cleansing, toning and moisturizing.
For washing in the morning and in the evening it is recommended to use foams or gels. The main requirement for cleansing agents for combination skin is non-comedogenicity, i.e., their composition should not contain components such as coconut, almond or peach oil, isostearic or oleic alcohol, butyl stearate, lanolin, etc. However, in the formulas for washing herbal extracts and fruit acids are welcome. The product is applied to the face with a thin layer and then spread over the skin with massage movements. Rinse the cleansing gel with cool water. Washing with hot water and toilet soap is strongly contraindicated, as this may cause excessive activity of the sebaceous glands in fatty areas and excessive dryness in sensitive areas. Once a week should be a deep cleansing of combination skin with a scrub. Purifying film masks and peels with fruit acids can only be used on oily skin.
After cleansing the skin comes the stage of toning, for which special lotions and tonics for combination skin are used. They allow you to even out the structure of the skin, reduce pores, adjust the activity of the sebaceous glands, normalize the pH of the skin. The skin toner should not contain alcohol; It is preferable that it contains anti-inflammatory ingredients: bisabolol, panthenol, etc. To moisturize combination skin, hydrogels and creams of a non-greasy texture with herbal extracts, vegetable oils, ceramides, and hyaluronic acid are used. Contractive compresses of decoctions of herbs have a good effect on the condition of the combination skin. In the summer during the day, a spray bottle with thermal water is recommended to moisturize the skin. Nutrient masks should be made on areas of dry skin once or twice a week, and cleansing on the T-zone.
In professional care, combination skin needs 1-2 times a month. Usually, at the first admission of a dermatocosmetologist, a hardware diagnosis of the skin condition is carried out: the degree of its moisture is determined, pH-metry, secumetry, and dermatoscopy are performed (to assess the state of pores, wrinkles, vascular defects, age spots). Comprehensive care for combination skin usually includes makeup removal, toning, peeling, facial massage with active serum, cosmetic mask, cream.
Enzyme peelings, disincrustation, borsazh are widely used to cleanse the combination skin. Within the framework of professional care programs, atraumatic and combined facial cleansing, manual and mechanical cleansing of the T-zone have proven themselves. Ultraphonophoresis, biorevitalization, mesotherapy are useful for moisturizing and nourishing the combination skin. Salon care for combination skin will be incomplete without the use of various cosmetic masks (creamy, liquid, herbal, plasticizing, clay, paraffin, etc.). With proper self-care and regular salon care, signs of age-related changes on the combination skin appear later than on dry.
Dull complexion is an unhealthy shade of skin (pale, sallow gray, lifeless). Dull complexion is not always associated with the aging process of the skin and can occur even in young people leading an unhealthy lifestyle or suffering from various ailments. As a rule, dull complexion is combined with increased dryness and sensitivity of the skin. The solution to this cosmetic problem requires the abandonment of bad habits, conducting home and salon health measures. Among the latter, with a dull complexion, peels, biorevitalization, mesotherapy, phonophoresis, massage, etc. can be recommended.
They say about a dull complexion if the skin loses its natural freshness and dullness, instead of which a grayish-pale tint appears, giving the face an unhealthy appearance. Dull, lifeless complexion is one of the most common cosmetic problems of residents of megalopolises. Thus, the skin cells give an “alarm” that they lack nutrients, moisture and oxygen. Many women try to disguise a dull complexion under a layer of makeup, but this makes the skin even more gray and expressionless. At the same time, modern cosmetology has a sufficient arsenal of means allowing to return the glow and healthy glow to dull skin.
Causes of dull complexion
Health and appearance of the skin depend mainly on the level of its moisture and the state of local blood circulation, and dull complexion is a consequence of a wrong lifestyle. Lack of sleep, starvation or tight diets, physical inactivity, bad habits, excessive tanning enthusiasm, have a negative effect on the skin.
As a result of chronic sleep deprivation, the skin does not have time to rest and recover normally overnight, as a result of which pallor appears, the complexion worsens, and the process of premature cell aging starts. Restrictions in nutrition lead to the fact that the skin does not receive the necessary nutrients, trace elements and vitamins, which are the “building material” for new cells. Long stay in the same position (for example, sitting at a computer), leads to overvoltage and muscle spasm of the neck and collar area, resulting in impaired blood circulation in the neck and head. All this immediately reflects on the appearance of the skin - the complexion becomes dull and lifeless.
Abuse of sunburn (prolonged sunbathing or frequent visits to a tanning bed) contributes to the violation of hydro-reserve, loss of elasticity and photo-aging of the skin, causing the appearance of hyperpigmentation. Therefore, the skin affected by excess UV light, looks dehydrated, dull and tired. Complexion changes with improper skin care or the lack thereof. Lack of fresh air, as well as poor environmental conditions can also cause dull complexion. No wonder this cosmetic problem is considered relevant for residents of large cities, suffocating from smog.
In winter, the condition of the skin is adversely affected by low outside air temperatures, frosty winds, dry air in apartments and offices, lack of sunlight and beriberi. Therefore, by the beginning of spring, many women notice that the skin has lost its freshness, and the complexion has become dull. Unhealthy complexion may be due to the accumulation of dead cells and dust covering the skin - oily skin is most rapidly contaminated. In addition, with age, the regeneration of the epidermis slows down, the cornified cells peel off more slowly, which also leads to a dull epidermal layer.
The expression “smoker’s face” has long been a part of everyday life. Premature wrinkles, grayish tint and dry skin, sunken cheeks, deep nasolabial folds - these are typical touches to a portrait of a person who does not part with a cigarette. Toxic substances contained in tobacco smoke cause a spasm of skin capillaries. In addition, when smoking in the blood dramatically increases the amount of carbon monoxide. This means that the skin of the face is poorly supplied with blood, enriched with nutrients and oxygen. Therefore, smoking inevitably leads to a change in the structure of the skin - increased dryness, laxity, heterogeneous and dull complexion, premature aging.
In some cases, dull complexion may reflect a breach in general health. So, dry and gray skin, brittle nails and hair loss are often signs of hypothyroidism. Gastrointestinal diseases (cholecystitis, pancreatitis, constipation, dysbacteriosis), osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, long-term medication, menopause, etc., contribute to the change in the state and color of the skin.
Characteristic dull complexion
Healthy complexion is the basis of external beauty and female attractiveness. Healthy skin has a uniform color, pinkish tint, matte surface, well-supported form. To the touch such skin is smooth and silky, has sufficient elasticity and elasticity. It lacks any cosmetic defects: age spots, acne, areas of inflammation and irritation, spider veins.
Throughout life, the skin condition changes under the influence of various factors. Dull complexion may occur among owners of dry, oily or combination skin. Dull skin has a grayish tint, uneven, rough surface. Quite often, this problem is accompanied by dark circles under the eyes, contaminated enlarged pores, pigmentation, peeling, and increased skin sensitivity. Dull complexion gives its owner a tired, painful look. People with dull skin are often said to have an unhealthy complexion. Usually dull complexion is trying to camouflage with foundation, powder, blush, but over time such tricks only aggravate the problem.
Dull complexion is a reason to contact a dermatocosmetologist, if necessary, consult other medical specialists (endocrinologist, gastroenterologist) and undergo an in-depth medical examination (ultrasound of the thyroid gland, abdominal organs, biochemical blood tests, etc.). This will help to correctly identify the causes of dull complexion and find the best methods to improve skin condition.
Features care for dull skin
You can return a healthy, radiant look to your face by changing your usual way of life and enhancing skin care. General recommendations relate to the regulation of the day regimen (adequate sleep, increased motor activity, long walks in the fresh air, etc.); revision of the diet in the direction of a balanced and fortified diet; rejection of pernicious habits. It is important to learn how to properly choose creams and cosmetics for the face, taking into account age and skin type, not to forget about protecting the skin from ultraviolet rays with the help of products with an SPF of 30 and above. Daily home skin care should consist of its cleansing, toning and moisturizing. With a dull complexion at least 1 time a week, it is necessary to carry out deep exfoliation of the epidermis with the help of a scrub cream - this will help to exfoliate dead particles, remove excess sebum and dirt. The final stage of such care should be the application of a nourishing face mask.
Professional cosmetology procedures will be invaluable to eliminate dull complexion. In this case, a course of surface chemical peels (based on fruit acids, glycolic, enzymatic), ultrasound and gas-liquid peels, beauty treatments on professional cosmetics, face massage can be recommended. This will align the tone and relief of the skin, improve its tone and elasticity. Massage of the neck and collar area will help eliminate muscle tension in the neck and occipital region.
A good effect in dull complexion is given by a course of ozone therapy: during the procedure, the cells are saturated with oxygen, as a result of which full skin “breathing” is restored. To improve the condition of the skin due to its own reserves allows plasma-lifting. The saturation of the skin with revitalizing moisture and nutrients is achieved using mesotherapy and biorevitalization. The solution to the problem of dull complexion can be a course of photo rejuvenation procedures or fractional photothermolysis that trigger skin renewal and rejuvenation.
If you follow these tips, a fresh and radiant skin will be a worthy reward for your efforts. However, it should be remembered that no effort will succeed if you do not combine skin care with healthy habits.