Problem skin and late acne
Problem skin is a definition used in relation to skin prone to excessive dryness or greasiness, the appearance of acne, vascular defects, pigmentation and other cosmetic defects. Symptoms of problem skin are unhealthy color, patches of redness, uneven bumpy surface, enlarged pores, acne, comedones, etc. Adolescents and people suffering from endocrine and digestive system diseases often encounter such phenomena. To solve these or other skin problems, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist, a gastroenterologist, an endocrinologist, a comprehensive medical examination, elimination of identified endogenous disorders, and the organization of proper skin care.
Skin whose condition is not distinguished by freshness and health, on which there are acne, vascular or pigment spots, scars, scars, called problem. Such skin troubles can happen to any person. Even the ideal skin undergoes changes with age caused by hormonal changes in the body. Stress and other adverse factors can affect the condition of the skin and cause a number of cosmetic defects listed. In terms of its type, problematic skin may be oily, dry, combination, and in chronological age it may be young, mature, or fading. Problem skin is the most common complaint that leads a person to a dermatocosmetologist's office.
External manifestations of problem skin
- excessive greasiness of the skin
- unhealthy skin color, pallor
- excessive dry skin
- spider veins
- itchy skin
- yellowness of the skin
- dark spots
- allergic skin reactions
Depending on the age, general condition and health of the body, the type of skin and many other reasons, skin problems can be temporary and quickly passing, and can be a serious affliction. If the skin of the face consists of areas dry, normal and oily, it is called a combination. This type of skin is especially common in women. The central or T-zone of the face (forehead, nose, chin) is covered with oily skin. Around the eyes, on the cheeks and on the neck - the skin is normal or dry. Oily skin and dry sensitive skin are the most problematic types.
Brunettes and young girls and women most often have oily skin. Unlike other types, oily skin is not threatened by the appearance of premature wrinkles. But she has other serious problems. Oily skin is distinguished by greasy luster, large pores, yellowish olive color, poor blood circulation. Oily skin is fraught with acne and oily seborrhea, especially during puberty as a result of hormonal changes in the body.
Dry skin lacks natural defenses in the form of sebum, which, with this type, is produced in insufficient quantities. That is why dry skin looks like it - dry and flaky. Dry skin is susceptible to the effects of external factors: adverse climatic and weather conditions, mechanical effects (rough clothing or contact with a male beard). The result of such effects is irritation of the skin, its redness and rash. Dry skin does not tolerate bad water; after washing there is discomfort and a feeling of tightness of the skin. Dry skin is very "discriminating" in relation to cosmetics, certain components that make up their composition, can provoke undesirable consequences.
Causes of problem skin
Problem skin is not a disease. Previously, it was believed that problem skin rashes are caused by improper nutrition and lack of hygiene. It is now generally accepted that psychological factors, such as stress, and the improper functioning of the sebaceous glands, are the basis of skin problems. The signs of problem skin include: increased activity of the sebaceous glands, the presence of dry and oily skin, enlarged pores in the form of craters. As a result of accumulation of fat in the pores and hair follicles, exfoliated dead cells and exposure to pathogenic bacteria, rashes appear on the skin, especially painful in the back, face and chest.
Problem skin can serve as a signal of diseases of the digestive system and endocrine system malfunction. Some skin problems are the result of inheritance predispositions, such as the formation of age spots.
Hormonal changes in the body, not only at a young age, but also at the time of aging, can provoke a number of skin problems. Wilting of the skin is caused by a slower synthesis of collagen. The skin becomes less elastic and elastic. The age-related features of dry skin further aggravate the problems associated with damage to the skin barrier and increased dryness. In addition, the secretion of the sebaceous glands decreases, the intracellular processes slow down, the level of hyaluronic acid decreases.
Self-treatment can cause irreparable harm to the beauty and health of the skin. Only a specialist is able to establish the true cause of the disease and prescribe an individual treatment in accordance with the type of skin. A timely call to a cosmetologist or a dermatologist will help eliminate skin problems and restore its lost freshness and smoothness.
Treatments for problem skin
The task of a cosmetologist is to identify the individual causes of skin problems and to choose together with you the method of their elimination using procedures suitable for your particular case. There are a variety of modern techniques that are aimed at eliminating, correcting and slowing down the negative processes associated with age-related skin changes and other adverse factors.
Good positive effect give the procedure using biogel or Botox. Mesotherapy is successfully used to smooth out wrinkles - administration by injection into the skin layers after the epidermis (mesoderm), special medicinal or homeopathic preparations. This method is very effective in treating other problems caused by aging or hormonal disruptions. Aesthetic medicine and dermatology has adopted it in the fight against cellulite, obesity, varicose veins, stretch marks, scars, puffiness and aging of the skin.
The method of electrocoagulation (diathermocoagulation) - cauterization of the problem tissues of the skin by electric current - is used to eliminate acne, "spider veins", moles, papillomas. For the treatment of problem and rejuvenation of aging skin is applied the method of ozone therapy. Its essence lies in carrying out massage procedures with ozonized oil, subcutaneous and intracutaneous injections of ozone-oxygen mixture. This method has gained wide popularity due to the effective effects on facial wrinkles and improving the complexion.
Treatment methods for problem skin. PeelingProblem skin needs a procedure like peeling. With the help of peeling, the skin is freed from the layer of dead cells, freedom to form and grow young cells is given. For the tightening of aging skin, in adolescent acne, for the correction of fresh stretch marks and other manifestations of problem skin, an indispensable cosmetic procedure is a face lift.
Modern hardware cosmetology widely uses ultrasonic methods of exposure to problem skin. As a result of phonophoresis (a combination of ultrasound and special means), metabolic processes in the skin cells are activated and lymphatic drainage is enhanced. Cryodestruction (cryosurgery) and cryotherapy are treatments with dry cold air. These methods have been successfully applied in cosmetology and dermatology to treat problem skin.
Removal of keratomas, dark spots, warts, scars, tattoos by cryodestruction - local cooling to low temperatures - attracts a small trauma and gives good results. Cryotherapy (cryomassage) is a short-term exposure to low temperature on problem areas of the skin, resulting in a sharp narrowing of the vessels, and then their expansion. At the same time, reserve capillaries are “awakened”, blood flow to the site of exposure to cold is stimulated, and metabolic processes are activated. Cryotherapy is used to strengthen the hair roots and smooth wrinkles.
Phytohormonal therapy is a new method in the treatment of problem skin. This method is aimed at eliminating hormonal imbalance - one of the main factors causing skin problems.
Late acne (adult acne) - acne, which appeared in adulthood or persisted in a patient after 25 years. Their occurrence may be due to endocrinological failure, disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, the use of hormonal drugs, genetic predisposition. Therefore, in the diagnosis, much attention is paid not only to dermatological examination of lesions, but to a survey and additional examination of the patient in order to identify the possible cause of acne. Treatments for late acne include: zinc, vitamin A, antibiotic therapy, physiotherapy, mesotherapy.
Usually, acne, which is a big problem in adolescence, is gradually disappearing by the age of 20. Only in some people they remain or reappear after a certain break. Data from studies conducted by clinical dermatology suggest that approximately 3% of men and 5% of women aged 40-50 have acne. Late acne can also occur at an older age.
Causes of late acne
In males with an extra Y chromosome, heaped or spherical late acne recurs throughout life. They often appear on the background of seborrhea and are localized on the entire surface of the skin, except for the feet and palms. Such acne is prone to scarring and the formation of keloid scars. In addition to genetic predisposition, late acne can be caused by a certain hormonal imbalance in the body. So in women, their occurrence is usually associated with an increased level of androgens. At the same time, menstrual irregularities, hirsutism, male obesity, anovulatory cycles, infertility can be observed.
In turn, hyperandrogenism in women may be associated with various endocrine disorders: ovarian dysfunction, diabetes mellitus, adrenogenital syndrome. Often, late acne occurs during menopause. With the exclusion of endocrine pathology, an increase in androgens is associated with an excessive activity of enzymes that increase the content of free testosterone.
Another cause of acne in adulthood may be the use of anabolic steroids, long-term use of androgens or glucocorticosteroids for therapeutic purposes. The use of these drugs leads to increased levels of androgens and excess production of sebum. Diseases of the digestive system and intestinal dysbiosis can also cause late acne.
Diagnosis of late acne
When a patient with late acne treats a dermatologist, the doctor must carefully collect anamnestic data to identify the cause of their occurrence. A visual inspection of the lesions and their study with an increase - dermatoscopy. Detachable elements are investigated by bakposeva.
If necessary, the patient is referred for consultation to a gastroenterologist or endocrinologist. An analysis of feces for dysbacteriosis. Women with late acne are recommended to consult a gynecologist, a study of the level of testosterone and female sex hormones, ultrasound of the uterus and appendages.
Treatment of late acne
If late acne is detected, complex treatment is necessary. Apply a means of reducing the fat content of the skin: preparations of zinc and sulfur, large doses of vitamin A. To reduce inflammation, local or general antibiotic therapy is carried out. Topical antibiotic use is considered more harmless, but it is not always effective enough. Additionally, it is possible to use physiotherapeutic methods that reduce inflammatory processes. These include: UHF, medicinal electrophoresis, phonophoresis, magnetic therapy. Acne is treated with laser, phototherapy, ozone therapy and cryotherapy acne. For hormonal correction in women use drugs oral contraception.
Problem skin of the face requires constant care, regular cleaning of the face and the use of face masks. Mesotherapy and cryomassage are actively used.